Explanation of Natural Phenomena in Kalam-Atomic Theories
1/3/2020
The project titled "Explanation of Natural Phenomena in Kalam-Atomic Theories" of Assoc. Prof. İshak Arslan, the lecturer in ŞEHİR, was entitled to be supported by TÜBİTAK 1003 Program.
​The project titled "Explanation of Natural Phenomena in Kalam-Atomic Theories", conducted by Assoc. Prof. İshak Arslan, the lecturer in İstanbul Şehir University College of Humanities and Social Sciences Philosophy Department, will be supported for 30 months within the scope of TÜBİTAK 1003 Priority Areas R&D Projects Support Program Islamic Civilization and Scientific History Call. The sub-project which will be conducted by Arslan aims at illuminating how the relationship is established between atomic compounds in the Kalami Mu'tazilite and Asharite and New Asharite particulate physics theories and the secondary qualities and exploring boundaries of the Kalam scientific rationality.

The title of the main project which was prepared by the researchers from İstanbul Şehir University, İstanbul Medeniyet University, Marmara University and İstanbul University is "Models of Physical Theories between Eleventh and Thirteenth Centuries Islamic Thought: Method, Theory and Application".

The project, directed by Assoc. Prof. Halil İbrahim Üçer, working in İstanbul Medeniyet University, which includes many academics and experts from different universities, aims to illuminate the continuum and particulate physics theory models developed in the Islamic world between the 11th and 13th centuries in terms of theory, method and practice. For this purpose, the project aims to show the extent to which the Mishshai qualitative, chemical qualitative and kalami particle models have proficiency, consistency and specificity in explaining the physical universe.

About project:
The main project will examine the physical theory models in terms of scientific theory, method and explanation, and will illuminate the basic structure and principles of these models, discuss their originality relative to the scientific legacy they have acquired from the Ancient-Hellenistic period, and test their consistency and adequacy around the results in the applied fields to be examined in the sub-projects. The first sub-project will examine how the Kalam physical model explains natural phenomena at a particular level and solves different physical problems, taking into account the Mu'tazilite and Asharite atomic theories, and it will test to what extent the theoretical and methodological framework constructed within the particulate model is followed and applied in the field of particular phenomena. The second sub-project will examine how the continuum model of physical theory explains natural phenomena at a particular level and solves different physical problems, taking into account the Peripatetic qualitative and Alchemical qualitative theories, and will test to what extent the theoretical and methodological framework constructed within the continuum model according to the consistency criterion is followed and applied in the field of particular phenomena. The third sub-project will explore how continuum and particulate models explain the phenomenon of extraordinary natural phenomena, and test the theory-practice consistency, as well as compare the ways in which different models explain these phenomena.​

As a result of the project, physical theory models in Islamic thought between 11th and 13th century will be examined, the historical development of the models will be put forward, originality, consistency and adequacy will be tested in terms of theory-method-application, the data obtained during the research will be shared with the public as scientific outputs in different sorts, the findings obtained through workshops and symposiums will be discussed internationally.​